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Acalabrutinib (Calquence®) is used to treat patients with mantle cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma

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Page 1 ACALABRUTINIB ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Name of your medication Generic name — acalabrutinib (uh KA luh BROO tih nib) Brand name — Calquence® (KAL kwents) Approved uses Acalabrutinib is used to treat patients with mantle cell lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma Dose and schedule Taking acalabrutinib as instructed is important to allow your treatment to be as effective as possible, so here are some key points to remember. Your dose may vary, but the usual dose of acalabrutinib is 100 milligrams (100 mg) to be taken by mouth every 12 hours. The dose may be adjusted by your care provider based upon your individual needs. Acalabrutinib can be taken with or without food, but at the same time each day. Acalabrutinib should be taken whole and not crushed, cut, opened, or dissolved. If you are unable to swallow acalabrutinib, talk to your care provider or pharmacist for possible options. If you miss a dose of acalabrutinib, follow these guidelines: • Only take the missed dose if it has been less than three hours since you were supposed to take it. Then, take the next dose at the regularly scheduled time. • Do not take two doses at one time. • Be sure to write down if you miss a dose and let your care provider know about any missed doses. Drug and food interactions Acalabrutinib has the potential for drug interactions. Inform your care providers of all prescription medications, over the counter medications, vitamins, and herbal products that you are taking. Grapefruit or grapefruit juice may interact with acalabrutinib. Avoid eating or drinking these during your treatment with acalabrutinib. Medications that decrease stomach acid decrease acalabrutinib concentrations. Avoid use with proton pump inhibitors (e.g., omeprazole [Prilosec®], esomeprazole [Nexium®]), if possible. If taken with a histamine blocker (e.g., ranitidine [Zantac®], famotidine [Pepcid®]), take acalabrutinib 10 hours after the histamine blocker and at least 2 hours prior to the next histamine blocker dose. Separate use of acalabrutinib from antacids by at least 2 hours. Talk with your care team or pharmacist before taking new medications or supplements, or receiving any vaccines. ACALABRUTINIB ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 2 Storage and handling Handle acalabrutinib with care. Just like when chemotherapy is given into the vein, this drug can be toxic, and exposure of the drug to others should be limited. Store acalabrutinib at room temperature (68°F–77°F) in a dry location away from light. Keep acalabrutinib out of reach of children and pets. Leave acalabrutinib in the provided packaging until it is ready to be taken. Whenever possible, give acalabrutinib to yourself and follow the steps below. If a family member, friend, or caregiver needs to give the acalabrutinib to you, they also need to follow these steps: 1. Wash hands with soap and water. 2. Put on gloves to avoid touching the medication. (Gloves are not necessary if you give the drug to yourself.) 3. Gently transfer the acalabrutinib from its package to a small medicine or other disposable cup. 4. Administer the medicine immediately by mouth with water. 5. Remove gloves and do not use them for anything else. 6. Throw gloves and medicine cup in household trash. 7. Wash hands with soap and water. If a daily pill box or pill reminder will be used, contact your care team before using: • The person filling the box or reminder should wear gloves (gloves are not necessary if you are filling the box or reminder). • When empty, the box or reminder should be washed with soap and water before refilling. Be sure to wash hands with soap and water after the task is complete, whether or not gloves are worn If you have any unused acalabrutinib, do not throw it in the trash and do not flush it down the sink or toilet. Talk to your care provider or pharmacist about proper disposal of acalabrutinib. If you are traveling, put your acalabrutinib’s packaging in a sealed plastic bag. Ask your pharmacist if any additional travel precautions are needed. ACALABRUTINIB ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 3 Side Effects of Acalabrutinib Below are common side effects that have been known to happen in about one third or more of patients taking acalabrutinib are listed on the left side of this table. You MAY NOT experience these side effects. Options to help manage any side effects that do occur are included on the right side of this table. These should be discussed with your care provider. If you experience any side effect you cannot manage or that is not listed here, contact your care provider. Possible Side Effect Management Decreased hemoglobin, part of the red blood cells that carry iron and oxygen Your hemoglobin should be monitored by a simple blood test. When your hemoglobin is low, you may notice that you get tired or fatigued more easily. • Try to get 7–8 hours of sleep per night. • Avoid operating heavy machinery if you feel too tired. • Find a balance between work and rest. • Stay as active as possible, but know that it is okay to rest as needed. • You might notice that you are more pale than usual. Let your care provider know right away if you experience any of the following: • Shortness of breath • Dizziness • Palpitations Decreased platelet count and increased risk of bleeding Your platelets should be monitored by a simple blood test. When they are low, you may bruise or bleed more easily than usual. • Use caution to avoid bruises, cuts, or burns. • Blow your nose gently, and do not pick your nose. • Brush your teeth gently with a soft toothbrush, and maintain good oral hygiene. • When shaving, use an electronic razor instead of razor blades. • Use a nail file instead of nail clippers. Call your care provider if you have bleeding that won’t stop. Examples include the following: • A bloody nose that bleeds for more than five minutes despite pressure • A cut that continues to ooze despite pressure • Gums that bleed excessively when you floss or brush Seek medical help immediately if you experience any severe headaches, observe blood in your urine or stool, cough up blood, or experience prolonged and uncontrollable bleeding. You may need to take a break or “hold” your medication for medical or dental procedures. Talk to your care provider or dentist before any scheduled procedures. Continued on the next page ACALABRUTINIB ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 4 Possible Side Effect Management Headache Ask your provider what you may use to help with this discomfort. Contact your care provider right away if your headache has any of the following characteristics: • Follows a head injury • Is severe or starts suddenly • Does not go away after three days • Is associated with vomiting, visual disturbance, neck stiffness, drowsiness, confusion, rash, weakness in an arm or leg, or numbness • Is made worse by coughing or lowering the head Decreased white blood cells (WBCs) and increased risk for infection Your WBCs should be monitored by a simple blood test. When your WBCs are low, you are at a greater risk of having an infection. Take the following precautions to protect yourself from infection. • Wash your hands often, especially before eating and after using the bathroom. • Avoid crowds and people with fevers, flu, or other infection. • Bathe regularly to keep good personal hygiene. Contact your care provider if you experience any signs or symptoms of an infection: • Fever (temperature more than 100.4°F or 38°C) • Chills • Sore throat • Burning with urination • Unusual tiredness • A sore that becomes red, is draining, or does not heal Check with your care provider before taking any medicine for a fever or chills. Continued on the next page ACALABRUTINIB ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 5 Serious side effects of acalabrutinib Secondary malignancy is the growth of a cancer months or years after treatment. This is a rare but possible side effect of treatment with acalabrutinib. Acalabrutinib may cause arrhythmias, which are problems with your heartbeat. Call your care team right away if you feel a change in the way your heart beats. If you experience ANY uncontrolled side effect, call your physician or healthcare center immediately: (INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT INFO) Possible Side Effect Management Diarrhea (loose and/ or urgent bowel movements) Monitor how many bowel movements you have each day. • Drink 8–10 glasses of water or fluid each day unless your care provider has instructed you to limit your fluid intake due to some other health problem. • Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day rather than a few large meals. • Eat bland, low fiber foods, such as bananas, applesauce, potatoes, chicken, rice, and toast. • Avoid high fiber foods, such as raw vegetables, raw fruits, and whole grains. • Avoid foods that cause gas, such as broccoli and beans. • Avoid lactose containing foods, such as yogurt and milk. • Avoid spicy, fried, and greasy foods. Contact your provider if any of the following occur: • The number of bowel movements you have in a day increases by four or more. • You feel dizzy or lightheaded. Your care provider may recommend an over the counter medication called loperamide (Imodium®) to help with your diarrhea, but talk to your care provider before starting this medication. ACALABRUTINIB ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 6 Handling body fluids and waste Acalabrutinib remains in your body for several days after it is taken, so some of the drug may be present in urine, stool, sweat, or vomit. Once you have started to take acalabrutinib, it is important to follow the instructions below every day for as long as your treatment lasts. This will keep yourself, loved ones, and the environment as safe as possible. Pregnant women should avoid touching anything that may be soiled with body fluids from the patient. Toilet and septic systems • You may use the same toilet, septic tank, and/or sewer that you usually use. If you have a low flow toilet, close the lid and flush twice to ensure that all waste has been discarded. • If the toilet or toilet seat becomes soiled with urine, stool, or vomit, clean the surfaces before other people use the toilet. • Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet. If you need a bedpan, be sure your caregiver knows to wear gloves to assist with cleanup and to wash the bedpan with soap and water every day. If you do not have good control of bladder or bowels, use a disposable pad with a plastic back, a diaper, or a sheet to absorb body waste. Wash any skin that has been exposed to body waste or acalabrutinib with soap and water. Linens or clothing that are soiled with body fluids or body waste should be washed separately from other linens and clothing. If you do not have a washer, place the soiled linens in a plastic bag until they can be washed. Wash hands with soap and water after touching linens or clothing that may be soiled with body fluids. Pregnancy, sexual activity, and contraception Women should not become pregnant and men should not get a partner pregnant while taking acalabrutinib. Women of childbearing age and potential should use effective contraception during therapy and for a minimum of four weeks after the last dose of acalabrutinib. Men of reproductive age and potential should use effective contraception during therapy and for a minimum of four weeks after the last dose of acalabrutinib. Effective contraception could include one or more of the following: oral contraceptive, barrier methods, etc. Do not breastfeed while taking acalabrutinib and for two weeks after the last dose of acalabrutinib. Please inform your care provider if you become pregnant. It is safe to hug and kiss. Special precautions may be needed for sexual activity while on oral chemotherapy, and you are encouraged to ask your care provider. ACALABRUTINIB ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 7 Important notice: The Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC), Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association (HOPA), National Community Oncology Dispensing Association, Inc. (NCODA), and Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) have collaborated in gathering information for and developing this patient education guide. This guide represents a brief summary of the medication derived from information provided by the drug manufacturer and other resources. This guide does not cover all existing information related to the possible uses, directions, doses, precautions, warnings, interactions, adverse effects, or risks associated with this medication and should not substitute for the advice of a qualified healthcare professional. Provision of this guide is for informational purposes only and does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of this medication by ACCC, HOPA, NCODA, or ONS, who assume no liability for and cannot ensure the accuracy of the information presented. The collaborators are not making any representations with respect to the medications whatsoever, and any and all decisions, with respect to such medications, are at the sole risk of the individual consuming the medication. All decisions related to taking this medication should be made with the guidance and under the direction of a qualified healthcare professional. Permission: Oral Chemotherapy Education (OCE) sheets are provided as a free educational resource for patients with cancer in need of concise, easy to understand information about oral cancer drugs. Healthcare providers are permitted to copy and distribute the sheets to patients as well as direct patients to the OCE website for information. However, commercial reproduction or reuse, as well as rebranding or reposting of any type, are strictly prohibited without permission of the copyright holder. Please email permission requests and licensing inquiries to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Copyright © 2020 by Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association. All rights reserved. Obtaining medication Talk with your care provider about the process for obtaining your acalabrutinib. (PHARMACY OR SPECIALTY PHARMACY CONTACT INFO) Additional resources Product website: Product prescribing information: Product resources: for patients.html Updated – September 11, 2020 Additional instructions